Don Kluting/Sitka Mountain Rescue/US Coast Guard
Today marks the 226th anniversary of the creation of the US Coast Guard.
One of the five service branches in the US military, the Coast Guard is responsible for maritime rescue, drug interdiction, smuggling prevention, and humanitarian-aid distribution.
Tracing its history to August 4, 1790, the Coast Guard now operates throughout US internal waterways, the coasts, and even distant international waters.
In honor of the Coast Guard’s 226 years of service, we have collected some of the most amazing images of it in a range of missions.
The Coast Guard in Alaska operates in some of the most isolated parts of the US. Here, a Coast Guard vessel gets underway during a winter Bering Sea patrol.
Before taking part in operations, Coast Guard service members must receive substantial training, including in how to rescue people from icy waters.
Crew members of Alaskan Coast Guard ships conduct 100-yard survival swims in 39-degree waters.
Here, a boatswain’s mate conducts surface-rescue training in Hogg Bay, in Alaska’s Prince William Sound.
Coast Guardsmen also receive weapons training. Here, units conduct night-fire exercises with an M-240B machine gun.
US Coast Guard members practice shooting a 50-caliber machine gun at night during a deployment aboard Coast Guard Cutter Stratton.
The Coast Guard must be ready for any scenario in Alaska’s unforgiving conditions. Here, a crew trains at recovering oil in ice-strewn water to help prepare for possible spills.
Here, members of the Coast Guard fire-and-rescue team battle a simulated fire to prepare for an actual aircraft-fire emergency.
The Coast Guard routinely practices for helicopter-evacuation missions at sea, too.
An Air Station Corpus Christi MH-65 Dolphin helicopter lands on Coast Guard Cutter Dauntless on November 14, 2013.
And the training is put to good use. Here, an Alaska Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter rescues two crew members from a stranded fishing boat after it ran aground.
Coast Guard members train for rescue in all situations and scenarios. Here, the Coast Guard conducts a maritime helicopter-rescue training session off of Cape Cod.
Rescue training can get pretty intense. Here, a Coast Guard aviation survival technician is lowered from a helicopter during a cliffside rescue exercise in Washington state.
The Coast Guard is also responsible for breaking the ice in northern ports for tankers. Here, a Coast Guard cutter breaks the ice near Nome, Alaska, so that a Russian tanker could offload almost 1.3 million gallons of petroleum products to the city.
Cutting through the ice is a team effort. Here, a Coast Guard MH-65 Dolphin helicopter ascends from Nome after providing ice reconnaissance during the escort of the Russian tanker.
The Coast Guard specializes in these kinds of icy conditions. Here’s the USCG Polar Star in Antarctica.
Here, Coast Guard crew members aboard the Polar Star help to free an Australian fishing vessel trapped in Antarctic ice.
The Coast Guard keeps open fast-freezing shipping lanes in the Great Lakes as well. Here, crew members from the USCG Cutter Bristol Bay take a dip in Lake Erie at sunset, with a Canadian coast-guard ship in the background. The two vessels created a path through the ice early in the day.
The Coast Guard helps to conduct scientific experiments over the Arctic as well. In this photo, crew members deploy probes that measure sea temperature, salinity, and density to gain a better understanding of the Arctic during the summer season.
Members of an ice-rescue team survey an ice sheet before allowing crew and passengers of a vessel to disembark.