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Eddie Lampert, CEO of Sears Holding Group and a hedge fund manager, announced on Thursday that his fund is once again extending a massive loan to the struggling retailer.
The $200 million loan (with the option to increase the amount to $500 million) will bring the total amount Lampert has loaned Sears in the last two years up to at least $1 billion.
Lampert, once considered the “next Warren Buffett,” and Sears’ fall from grace was actually laid out by the Berkshire Hathaway CEO himself 11 years ago.
An interview between Buffett and a group of University of Kansas students has been circulating since 2005 in which Buffett was asked about Lampert and his attempt to turn around Sears. In his reply, the famed investor laid out the road map for the retailers’ continued decline.
“Eddie is a very smart guy but putting Kmart and Sears together is a tough hand,” said Buffett to the Kansas crowd. “Turning around a retailer that has been slipping for a long time would be very difficult. Can you think of an example of a retailer that was successfully turned around?”
Buffett also compared it to his previous experience investing in retail in the 1970s. For him, the constantly changing winds of consumer preferences make it impossible for any retailer to catch up to more forward-thinking stores when you’ve fallen behind. From Buffett:
“Retailing is like shooting at a moving target. In the past, people didn’t like to go excessive distances from the street cars to buy things. People would flock to those retailers that were near by. In 1996 we bought the Hochschild Kohn department store in Baltimore. We learned quickly that it wasn’t going to be a winner, long-term, in a very short period of time. We had an antiquated distribution system. We did everything else right. We put in escalators. We gave people more credit. We had a great guy running it, and we still couldn’t win. So we sold it around 1970. That store isn’t there anymore. It isn’t good enough that there were smart people running it.”
Buffett said that other competitors such as Costco and Walmart could provide better deals while operating on smaller margins, making it hard for Sears and Kmart to compete.
“Costco is working on a 10-11% gross margin that is better than the Wal-Mart’s and Sams’,” said Buffett.
“In comparison, department stores have 35% gross margins. It’s tough to compete against the best deal for customers. Department stores will keep their old customers that have a habit of shopping there, but they won’t pick up new ones.”
This is what has happened. The focus on downsizing their store footprint and becoming resource light under Lampert hasn’t translated into sustainable sales or profits. Instead, the stores have been hemorrhaging customers and other retail competitors have lapped both Sears and Kmart.
The future, predicted Buffett, will not be very different from Sears’ current struggles.
“How many retailers have really sunk, and then come back?” said the famed investor. “Not many. I can’t think of any.”
He’s not called the “Oracle of Omaha” for nothing.